Galata Tower – Istanbul

Galata Tower – Istanbul

Galata Tower, one of the oldest towers in the world and one of the symbols of Istanbul, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List in 2013. Galata Tower, one of the most important structures that make up the silhouette of Istanbul, was used as a fire watch tower for a long time and was called Galata Fire Tower.

Fotoğraf: Gülcan Acar

In the seventeenth century, after Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi completed his flight from the Galata Tower, where he was experimenting with flight, by attaching wooden wings to his back, in Üsküdar, it is known that interest in the tower gradually increased.

Fotoğraf: Gülcan Acar

Who Built Galata Tower?

The Galata Tower was first built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian in 507 – 508 AD. The present tower was rebuilt by the Genoese in 1348 – 49. The tower was raised between 1445 – 46. In the 1500s, it was damaged by an earthquake and repaired by Architect Murad bin Hayreddin. After the tower was repaired during the reign of Selim III, a bay window was added to the upper floor of the tower. In 1831, the tower suffered another fire, Mahmut II added two more floors on top of the tower and the top of the tower was covered with the famous cone-shaped roof covering. The tower was repaired in 1967 and restored again in 2020.

Fotoğraf: Gülcan Acar

Architecture of the Galata Tower

The Galata Tower was built in a masonry rubble stone lattice system. The exterior is stone masonry. The 16-line eulogy in the inscription at the entrance is thought to have been written in the name of Mahmut II since it was built during his reign.

Fotoğraf: Gülcan Acar

The round arched window above the door was a place of observation for the soldiers. It is a nine-storey building after the high ground floor. The windows on the cylindrical body have round arches with brick masonry. The development of the last two floors just below the cone roof is emphasized by the profiled moldings surrounding the cylindrical body. There is an observation balcony with a metal ornamented grid encircling the floor below the cone roof. On the lower floor, there are round arches resting on deep niche piers and round arched windows with brickwork inside.

Fotoğraf: Tanıtma Genel Müdürlüğü

Today, it is observed that the part of the building up to the third floor is Genoese and the other floors have Ottoman character. Today the building is used for social and cultural activities.


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