Everything about Gobeklitepe

Everything about Gobeklitepe

Göbeklitepe, which reveals a structure dating back to 10,000 BC, is considered the oldest and largest worship center in history. Göbeklitepe, which has attracted great interest from both local and foreign archaeologists since its discovery, reveals all the mysterious facts of past history one by one.

On the one hand, Göbeklitepe makes all the researches and known facts about human history to be questioned again, on the other hand, it reveals that the established understanding of history and the history of religions should be rewritten. Here is the secret story of the temples that were covered up by humans about 1000 years after they were built…

What is the Göbeklitepe Story?

Göbeklitepe, which was unearthed as a result of excavations led by German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, is thought to have been built 7,500 years before the Egyptian pyramids. Symbols of settled life and other signs on the ruins, where the first traces of wheat were found, reveal important information about that period. The symbols, drawings, stones, sculptures and three-dimensional carvings discovered during the excavations have attracted the attention of many world-renowned archaeologists. Every development and every new symbol found during the excavations, which have been going on for many years, has a great resonance both in the world of archaeology and in scientific journals.

How was Göbeklitepe Discovered?

In 1983, a farmer plowing his field reported the carved stone he found under the soil to the authorities. Since the region was not given much importance at the time, the value of the findings was understood much later. In 1995, the excavations initiated by the Şanlıurfa Museum Directorate were perceived as ordinary excavations at first, but the important findings discovered over time are enough to change what is known about human history.

Thanks to the fact that the artifacts in the Göbeklitepe temple, which is thought to have been built in the Neolithic period, are spread over a large area and very well preserved, the reliefs on the stones found can still be seen clearly. The region called Mesopotamia is considered to be a critical and important point as it has witnessed the rise and fall of many civilizations throughout history.

Where is Gobeklitepe?

Göbeklitepe, which influenced the history of religions and is considered the first known center of worship, is located near Örencik Village in Şanlıurfa. The temple, which is about 20 km from the center of Şanlıurfa, is located northeast of the city. Visitors show great interest in the historical site, which can be reached by taxi or minibus. It is useful to plan your trip here in advance, as it may be busy during some periods such as public holidays.

What is the Mystery of Göbeklitepe?

Göbeklitepe, which consists of stones stacked on top of each other and giant columns, consists of a total of 20 “T” shaped columns built for religious purposes. There are human and animal figures on these columns, which vary between 3-6 meters in height.

Göbeklitepe, one of the oldest known temples in history, proves how long ago hunter-gatherer societies lived. However, considering that there were no wheelbarrows and other construction materials at that time, the process of building such a large structure is still a mystery. The presence of animal figures on the unearthed stone pillars suggests that the power of animals was utilized during the construction of the temple.

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Artifacts recovered from Göbeklitepe

THE DİKİLİTSTONE NO. 43 FOUND IN STRUCTURE D OF GÖBEKLİTEPE EXCAVATIONS. THE DİKİLİTSTONE WITH DIFFERENT ANIMAL, HUMAN AND OTHER MOTIFS ON IT IS ONE OF THE MOST RICHLY CARVED DİKİLİTSTONES AT GÖBEKLİTEPE.

12,000 YEARS AGO A RELIEF OF AN ANIMAL WITH EVEN A RIB CARVED INTO A MEGASTRUCTURE – (GÖBEKLİTEPE – ŞANLIURFA 10000 BC)

What was life like in Göbeklitepe?

Prof. Dr. Klaus Schmidt, who was the head of excavations in Göbeklitepe for years and died in 2014, gave the following information about daily life in Göbeklitepe:

“With the findings we obtained during the excavations at Göbeklitepe, we had revealed that one of the oldest known worship centers in the world was located in this region. However, with the latest excavations, we have determined that the worship center is the largest worship center in the world. In our research, when we examined the reliefs of wild cattle, scorpions, foxes, snakes, lions, wild donkeys, wild ducks and wild plants, we concluded that the people who lived in the Neolithic Age could not domesticate their animals. In addition, the paintings and reliefs on the standing stones (steles) give us an idea about the art of the people who lived in that period. The temple here is the largest known temple in the world.”

Interesting Facts About Gobeklitepe

  • Göbeklitepe is a temple 7000 years older than Stonehenge in England and 7500 years older than the Egyptian pyramids.
  • In line with the research conducted in the region and the findings obtained, it was revealed that the ancestor of wheat, an important cultural plant with hundreds of genetic variations, was first grown on the outskirts of Göbeklitepe.
  • In the light of the findings, Klaus Schmidt is convinced that mankind started agriculture not for bread but for beer, and that this was first realized in Urfa.
  • Archaeologists point out that the floors in the temple ruins were especially made to be impermeable to liquids. This suggests that the ceremonies were performed in the presence of a liquid (blood, water, alcohol, etc.), although the exact nature of the liquid is still unclear.
  • The area uncovered so far in the excavation area shows that none of the structures are houses, but rather a region established for monumental purposes.
  • Apart from the architectural finds, the most visible finds are stone tools. Almost all of these are flint tools.
  • The carving of human figures on the obelisks in Göbeklitepe, and the symbolic style of expression shown in the paintings and reliefs are quite remarkable at a time when people were not yet farming, domesticating animals and discovering animals. This shows that people at that time had an aesthetic understanding and a high level of consciousness.

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