Adolescence problems and therapy

Adolescence problems and therapy

Adolescent Therapies is a journey of well-being between the ages of 12 and 18, especially in the treatment of anxiety disorders, phobias or post-traumatic stress disorders, using the methods and techniques of individual therapy, where families are involved in the process without negatively affecting the ethical rules.


Adolescent therapy is a type of therapy that is usually conducted with adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18. In adolescent therapy, therapists help adolescents get to know themselves, understand themselves, realize their wishes and direct them to look at themselves from a different perspective. In adolescent therapy, adolescents will develop different perspectives on the difficulties they experience, understand why their problems arise, develop different ways of solving their problems, and as a result, they will both make peace with themselves and establish better relationships with their environment.

Adolescent therapy plays a major role in solving and eliminating the problems that arise as a result of traumas from the past or the problems that individuals are currently experiencing. Failure to implement adolescent therapy may cause individuals to face greater problems and difficulties in adulthood. Adolescent therapy is very useful and necessary for individuals to feel the effects of the changes experienced during adolescence in a positive way and to turn the changes into positive.

In order to understand the importance of adolescent therapy, it is necessary to know what adolescence is and what problems arise during this period.

Adolescence Period

Adolescence is a period in which individuals change both physically and personality-wise as they transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescence is a process that starts at the age of 11-12 and continues until the age of 21-22. It is normal for some individuals to enter adolescence earlier or later than the average time. In adolescence, individuals leave their childhood and start to exhibit different behaviors. This change is due to the fact that they start to develop physically and mentally.

Adolescence is a process that progresses differently for each individual. Although there are changes in every individual, some individuals experience less change and at a level that does not cause problems, while in some individuals, the change is much more and individuals have a much different mindset and behavior than they had in their childhood.

During adolescence, both mental and physical changes occur. Individuals begin to discover these changes gradually. The individual who is trying to get used to the changes in his/her body also tries to understand and decide what he/she likes, what kind of person he/she is, what he/she wants and does not want due to the change in his/her mental structure. In addition, the adolescent’s relationships with family and friends are changing and school life continues. When all these variables come together, adolescence is a period of complexity and problems for individuals. During this period, adolescents may experience problems with their families, their success in school may decrease, they may experience sexual identity crises and they may enter into a mental confusion. For this reason, it is important that both the adolescent and his/her family receive professional support during adolescence. This way, problems and difficulties that will arise in the future can be intervened before they grow.

During adolescence, individuals attach great importance to their friendships. Adolescents who want to spend time with their friends keep the time they spend with their family more limited. Considering the changes they go through, it is quite normal for adolescents to want to spend time with people from the same age group who understand them. It would be better for families to be understanding towards this situation and try to solve it without causing problems.

Problems During Adolescence

During adolescence, individuals change both physically and mentally. With these changes, they differ from their childhood periods in terms of emotional, intellectual and behaviors. The changes experienced during adolescence cause individuals to experience problems in some issues. The issues that cause problems during adolescence are as follows;

  • Relations with family
  • Friendship relationships
  • Test anxiety
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Lack of motivation
  • Obsessive thoughts and actions
  • Sexual identity problems
  • Self-confidence problem
  • Panic disorder
  • Social anxiety or more severe social phobia
  • Sleep problems
  • Eating disorders
  • Failure to acquire the habit of studying
  • Fear of failure
  • Lack of attention and concentration
  • Learning difficulties
  • I cannot control mood
  • Anger problem
  • Bullying

Adolescent-Parent Relationship

During adolescence, individuals undergo physical and mental changes and become different from their childhood. This is a period when problems may arise between adolescents and their families. During adolescence, communication between adolescents and family members decreases. Trying to discover himself/herself, the adolescent isolates himself/herself from his/her family and tends to stay alone all the time. During this period, adolescents want to spend more time with their friends than with their family. The biggest reason for this is that they think that their parents do not understand them. According to the adolescent, his/her parents do not understand him/her, do not know what he/she is going through and constantly restrict him/her. Adolescents who do not want to spend time with family members who do not understand them and restrict them tend to spend time with friends who are their own age and have similar problems with them.

Whether there are more or less communication breakdowns and arguments between adolescents and their families is also related to the relationship between parents and children in the pre-adolescent period. In an environment where the child-parent relationship is strong and problems are always discussed and tried to be overcome, adolescence problems can be seen less. Although problems between the family and the adolescent are inevitable during adolescence, it is possible to minimize them. The important thing is to try to understand the adolescent instead of yelling and screaming at him/her and to express the problems and requests by talking. Respecting the adolescent and approaching his/her private space and privacy in a respectful manner will reduce parent-adolescent problems during adolescence.

Why is Adolescent Therapy Necessary?

Adolescent therapy is necessary for the individual to overcome the adolescence period more easily, to overcome the difficulties they experience during this period without growing up, to get to know themselves and to discover what they want. Adolescent therapy is a necessary therapy for individuals to resolve the problems and difficulties they experience during childhood or adolescence before they grow up more and before they face bigger problems and disorders in adulthood.

When is Adolescent Therapy Needed?

During adolescence, individuals change both physically and mentally, and with the effect of these changes, they both experience some problems and embark on a search for themselves. In this period, the individual who discovers and tries to make sense of the changes in his/her body also begins to question the purpose of his/her life and who he/she is. As a result of all these changes and questioning, individuals may experience problems in their school life, family and friend relationships, and in the process of discovering their sexual identity.

Problems experienced by adolescents can be considered normal up to a certain point. Conflicts between the adolescent and his/her family, disorganization of school life and withdrawal are things that can happen during adolescence. However, if the conflicts and irregularities begin to seriously affect the adolescent’s life, then a specialist intervention is required. In order to prevent the adolescent from experiencing problems in the coming years due to the difficulties and problems, it will be useful to apply for adolescent therapy.

Adolescent therapy can be applied to children with adolescent problems, as well as to individuals who have serious psychological problems and have experienced traumatic events. Problems and disorders resulting from traumatic events such as harassment, rape, separation, accidents and death are difficult to overcome without the help of a specialist. In addition, individuals who have been experiencing problems such as obsessive-compulsive disorder and personality disorders since childhood should seek adolescent therapy.

How Long Does Adolescent Therapy Take?

Although adolescent therapy does not take place depending on the problems experienced by the adolescent, it continues in parallel with this development since adolescence is a long process. For this reason, it would be wrong to say that adolescent therapy takes place in a certain number of sessions or in a certain period of time. In adolescent therapy, therapy is carried out at short intervals for a certain period of time to eliminate the problems experienced by the adolescent. After the solution to the problem and difficulty is reached and coping methods are discovered, therapies are continued for longer periods and at certain time intervals. It would be much more accurate to divide adolescent therapy into certain periods. The duration of adolescent therapy also depends on the difficulties and problems experienced by the adolescent and the course of the therapy. Sessions in adolescent therapy usually last between 45 minutes and 1 hour.

How does adolescent therapy work?

The first step in adolescent therapy is usually taken by the parents of the adolescent. Concerned parents who think that their children exhibit different behaviors, have problems and have difficulties in some issues bring their children to therapy. The adolescent who comes to therapy may be willing or reluctant for therapy and may show resistance to therapy. Although it is very rare, there are also people who come to therapy on their own will without being forced by their family.

In the therapy process, if the adolescent is involved in therapy because of the parents’ compulsion, the family is the first to be interviewed. After receiving preliminary information from the parents about the problems that require the adolescent to come to therapy and what kind of behaviors he/she exhibits, the therapist then starts the therapy process and meets with the adolescent. This interview starts by asking questions about the adolescent’s life in order to gain his/her interest. Afterwards, the topics that caused the adolescent to come to therapy are discussed. Between sessions, the therapist informs the parents about how the therapy process is going, but does not tell the parents what they discussed with the adolescent during the therapy. What is discussed during therapy remains between the client and the therapist as a matter of professional ethics.

In adolescent therapy, parents are included in the therapy process when the adolescent is not comfortable. This is usually seen in people who suffer from social phobia and have difficulty acting without their parents.

Types of Therapy Used in Adolescent Therapy

It can be diversified as cognitive behavioral therapy, EMDR therapy, group therapy or art therapy in accordance with the age, personal characteristics and therapy of the adolescent. In cognitive behavioral therapy, which is the most preferred method among the methods used in adolescent therapy, the adolescent’s problems are addressed, their causes are investigated and ways to cope with this problem are tried to be found in cooperation with the adolescent. Disorders such as depression, personality disorder and eating disorders are treated with cognitive behavioral therapy.

What is the age range for adolescent therapy

Adolescence is a period of physical, emotional and psychological changes. The start and end of adolescence varies according to individuals. In general, the age range is characterized as the 12-18 age range.

How long does adolescent therapy last?

It would not be right to give a time frame for adolescent therapy. Adolescence is a period that lasts for many years. For this reason, it is necessary to divide the therapy process into periods. In therapies to overcome the difficulties and problems experienced by the adolescent, therapies can be done once a week or 2 days a week for a while. As the problems are not overcome and resolved, this period is carried out at certain and long intervals of time. One session of adolescent therapy is 45 minutes-1 hour.

What are the benefits of adolescent therapy?

Adolescent therapy helps adolescents deal with issues such as test anxiety, introversion, distraction and lack of concentration, insecurity, social anxiety, sleep problems, eating disorders, excessive internet use, and communication with family.

Adolescent therapy becomes necessary when the problems associated with the changes that occur during adolescence cannot be solved by individual efforts. Adolescent therapy is also necessary when adolescents show signs of past or emerging psychological disorders, and when traumatic events such as death, accidents, harassment, bullying, etc. occur, in order to prevent these events from affecting the lives of adolescents, reducing their quality of life and leading to bigger problems.

When is adolescent therapy necessary?

What are the types of therapy used in adolescent therapy?

Adolescent therapy can be applied in different types depending on the age of the adolescent, his/her personal characteristics, and what kind of distress or difficulty he/she has. The types of therapy used in adolescent therapy are as follows; cognitive behavioral therapy, group therapy, EMDR therapy, art therapy

Will I be able to talk to the therapist when I send my child to therapy?

In adolescent therapy, the therapist first meets with the parents to get preliminary information about the adolescent and the problems they are experiencing. As the sessions progress, the parents are informed by the therapist about how the therapy process is going. If the therapist thinks that further sessions are needed, he/she will discuss this with the family, ask for their opinions and create a therapy plan accordingly. Therapists keep the family informed about the therapy process, but do not share with the family what is discussed during the therapy.

Can I participate in adolescent therapy with my child?
Adolescent therapy, just like other forms of therapy, involves the client and the therapy. The presence of someone other than the therapist and the client is not ethically appropriate and may cause discomfort for the client. In some special cases, parents may participate in therapy with the request and permission of the children. This is usually seen in cases where children have difficulty being alone with strangers. However, this situation of adapting to the social environment and being alone can also be corrected with therapy.

Is adolescent therapy effective in overcoming my child’s problems?

Adolescent therapy is a very effective method in overcoming the problems and psychological problems experienced during adolescence. During adolescence, individuals experience anxiety that they will be judged and disliked by their environment. Adolescents can easily discuss many issues that they cannot discuss with their family or friends with a professional they do not know and who does not judge them. Adolescence is also beneficial for individuals to develop by getting to know themselves, knowing what they want and establishing positive relationships with their environment.

Does adolescent therapy include medication?

Drug treatment is generally not considered necessary in therapies to overcome social and relational problems experienced during adolescence and confusion about the developmental process. However, in disorders such as depression, sexual identity and anxiety disorders that affect the adolescent’s life and reduce the quality of life and success, medication is also used with adolescent therapy.

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